In a recent article by Dr. Sally Kraft et al., a framework for describing and organizing large-scale performance and quality improvements at the health care organization level is discussed. The framework draws from the health services, organizational behavior, and industrial engineering fields. Read more
A simple framework for complex system improvement
Adjuvant chemotherapy for stage II right-sided and left-sided colon cancer: Analysis of SEER-Medicare data
Dr. Jennifer Weiss et al. found in a recent Annals of Surgical Oncology study that a large number of Medicare patients with stage II colon cancer receive adjuvant chemotherapy, but it did not improve overall 5-year survival for either right- or left-sided colon cancers. Adjuvant chemotherapy did, however, improve overall 5-year survival among patients with stage III colon cancer. Read the article here and a corresponding editorial here.
Rehospitalization to primary versus different facilities following abdominal aortic aneurysm repair
In a study to characterize readmissions to primary vs. different hospitals after open or endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, Dr. Scott Saunders et al. found that 13.1% of patients were readmitted within 30 days. Among those patients, 70.7% returned to the same facility as their primary admission, while 29.3% returned to a different facility. The strongest predictor of readmission to a different facility was greater distance from the patient's residence to the primary hospital. Read more
Perceived discrimination is associated with reduced breast and cervical cancer screening: the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN)
Dr. Elizabeth Jacobs et al. analyzed data from over 3,000 women participating in the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN) and found that racial discrimination was perceived by 35% of African American women, 20% of Chinese women, 12% of Hispanic women, 11% of Japanese women, and 3% of non-Hispanic white women. However, perceived racial discrimination was associated with reduced receipt of preventive screening in only one fully adjusted model in the study. Read more
Impact of rheumatoid arthritis on receiving a diagnosis of hypertension among patients with regular primary care
In a study to determine whether rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a risk factor for not receiving a hypertension diagnosis, Dr. Christie Bartels et al. found that while patients with RA had more total medical visits than patients with RA, they were only 36% likely to be diagnosed with hypertension during the study period. The article is in press in Arthritis Care & Research, and was recently featured in ACP InternistWeekly.