Doctor using tablet

Anxiety and Hypertension: Is There a Link? A Literature Review of the Comorbidity Relationship Between Anxiety and Hypertension

Anxiety and Hypertension: Is There a Link? A Literature Review of the Comorbidity Relationship Between Anxiety and Hypertension

There is increasing evidence of a positive association between comorbid anxiety and hypertension. This contemporaneous review by HIP Investigator, Dr. Heather Johnson supports similar findings in historical studies and provides mechanistic hypotheses for larger, longitudinal studies. The objective of this review is to summarize contemporaneous studies evaluating the relationship between prevalent anxiety and comorbid prevalent hypertension, or the development of incident (future) hypertension.

Read the article

Pregnant woman with doctor

Qualitative Research on Expanded Prenatal and Newborn Screening: Robust but Marginalized

Qualitative Research on Expanded Prenatal and Newborn Screening: Robust but Marginalized

Screening technologies are iteratively transforming how people experience pregnancy and early parenting. A new class of newborn patients are being created and particular forms of parental vigilance are emerging. HIP Investigator Dr. Rachel Grob wrote extensive qualitative literature that documents all of these social phenomena, and more, in connection with the spread of prenatal and newborn screening.

This essay uses qualitative research on prenatal and newborn screening as a case study for illustrating the broad methodological, ideological, and dialogical issues at stake.

Read the article

Mother and daughter with staff

Evaluating Integrated Care for Children: A Clarion Call or a Call for Clarity?

Evaluating Integrated Care for Children: A Clarion Call or a Call for Clarity?

“Integrated care” is often used to describe concepts such as coordinated and seamless care instead of the often fragmented and episodic care that patients receive. Integrated care reflects the aspirations of modern health care systems and receives significant academic attention. Authors Dr. Eyal Cohen and HIP Investigator, Dr. Ryan Coller conducted a broad search strategy to identify randomized controlled trials comparing integrated care with usual care.

Read the article

Pediatric exam at clinic

Reliability and validity of PROMIS® pediatric family relationships short form in children 8-17 years of age with chronic disease

Reliability and validity of PROMIS® pediatric family relationships short form in children 8-17 years of age with chronic disease

Families play a key role in managing pediatric chronic illness. The PROMIS® pediatric family relationships measure was developed primarily within the general pediatric population. HIP Investigator, Dr. Elizabeth Cox et al. evaluated the Family Relationships short form in the context of pediatric chronic diseases and presented their findings as to whether the Family Relationships measure demonstrates adequate reliability and validity when applied in a clinical population of chronically ill children and their parents.

Read the article

Child patient hospitalized

Variation in Hospitalization Rates Following Emergency Department Visits in Children with Medical Complexity

Variation in Hospitalization Rates Following Emergency Department Visits in Children with Medical Complexity

Children with medical complexity (CMC) have lifelong, complex chronic conditions (CCCs) associated with multimorbidity, severe functional limitations, myriad health care needs, and high resource use. Although hospitalizations have been a long-standing measure of a potentially avoidable CMC health service, little is known about the opportunity to influence the hospitalization risk from an ED visit. Therefore, HIP Investigator Dr. Ryan Coller et al. identified factors associated with admission within ED encounters and quantified both the overall ED admission rate for CMC and admission rate variation across children's hospitals.

Read the article

MyHEART logo

Rationale and study design of the MyHEART study: A young adult hypertension self-management randomized controlled trial

Rationale and study design of the MyHEART study: A young adult hypertension self-management randomized controlled trial

To address the unmet need in hypertensive care for young adults, we developed MyHEART (My Hypertension Education And Reaching Target), a multi-component, theoretically-based intervention designed to achieve self-management among young adults with uncontrolled hypertension. MyHEART is a patient-centered program, based upon the Self-Determination Theory, that uses evidence-based health behavior approaches to lower blood pressure. Therefore, HIP Investigator, Dr. Heather Johnson and a team of investigators including Dr. Maureen Smith, evaluated MyHEART's impact on changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure compared to usual care after 6 and 12 months in 310 geographically and racially/ethnically diverse young adults with uncontrolled hypertension.

Read the article

Female doctor with child

Encounters From Device Complications Among Children With Medical Complexity

Encounters From Device Complications Among Children With Medical Complexity

Children with medical complexity (CMC) are commonly assisted by medical devices to support essential body functions, although complications may lead to preventable emergency department (ED) and hospital use. HIP Investigator, Dr. Ryan Coller et al. identified predictors of device-complicated ED visits and hospitalizations. The team of authors found that device-complicated ED visits and hospitalizations comprised a substantial proportion of total hospital and ED use. Developing interventions to prevent device complications may be a promising strategy to reduce overall CMC use.

Read the article

Female child and doctor

Making Time to Coordinate Care for Children With Medical Complexity

Making Time to Coordinate Care for Children With Medical Complexity

Care coordination has become the focus of the rapidly expanding field of complex care. Supporting the personnel and infrastructure to successfully coordinate care for CMC is a major sustainability challenge facing complex-care programs today. HIP Investigator, Dr. Ryan Coller et al. report on time spent in nonbillable care coordination activities for 208 CMC over their program’s first 2 years.

Read the article

Diabetic child self manage

The relationship of Type 1 diabetes self-management barriers to child and parent quality of life: a US cross-sectional study

The relationship of Type 1 diabetes self-management barriers to child and parent quality of life: a US cross-sectional study

Type 1 diabetes can reduce health‐related quality of life (QOL) for children, adolescents and their parents. Families of children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes experience self-management challenges that negatively impact diabetes control. A team of authors, including HIP Investigator Dr. Elizabeth Cox, assessed whether self-management challenges are also associated with quality of life (QOL) for children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes and their parents.

Read the article

Two people in coffee shop

Social Media Posts by Recreational Marijuana Companies and Administrative Code Regulations in Washington State

Social Media Posts by Recreational Marijuana Companies and Administrative Code Regulations in Washington State

The state of Washington passed Initiative Measure No. 502 in 2012, which legalized recreational marijuana use for persons older than 21 years. The legalization of recreational marijuana may increase the exposure of youths to and influence from messages promoting marijuana use. A team of authors, including HIP Investigator Dr. Elizabeth Cox evaluated the adherence to WAC regulations among the social media business pages of recreational marijuana companies in the state of Washington.

Read the article

Pages