Race, Ethnicity, Neighborhood Characteristics, and In-Hospital Coronavirus Disease-2019 Mortality

Despite many studies reporting disparities in coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) incidence and outcomes in Black and Hispanic/Latino populations, mechanisms are not fully understood to inform mitigation strategies. The aim of this study from HIP Investigator Dr. Christie Bartels was to test whether neighborhood factors beyond individual patient-level factors are associated with in-hospital mortality from COVID-19.

The hypothesis was that the Area Deprivation Index (ADI), a neighborhood census-block-level composite measure, was associated with COVID-19 mortality independently of race, ethnicity, and other patient factors. The study found that neighborhood disadvantage independently predicted in-hospital COVID-19 mortality.


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